A Comprehensive Guide to Average Handling Time – Definition, Importance, and Strategies



Understanding Average Handling Time

When it comes to measuring performance in customer service operations, one key metric that businesses rely on is Average Handling Time (AHT). AHT is the average duration taken by a customer service representative to handle a customer’s request or query. In simple terms, it is the total time spent on a customer interaction, including talking to the customer, documenting information, searching for data, and any other related tasks.

Factors that contribute to AHT

Several factors contribute to the total AHT for a customer interaction. Understanding these factors is crucial for businesses to identify areas of improvement and optimize their processes. The following are key elements that impact AHT:

1. Customer interactions

The interaction between the customer and the customer service representative plays a significant role in determining AHT. The complexity of the customer’s request, their level of satisfaction, and the time required to address their concerns all contribute to the overall AHT.

2. Documentation and data entry

Throughout the customer interaction, representatives must document important details and enter data into internal systems. Accurate documentation ensures that information can be easily retrieved in the future, but it also adds to the overall AHT.

3. Searching for information

Customer service representatives often need to search for information across various systems and databases to provide accurate and relevant solutions. The time spent searching for information adds to the AHT, but it is essential to ensure accurate and satisfactory resolutions.

4. Internal processes and systems

The efficiency of internal processes and systems directly impacts AHT. Outdated or cumbersome systems can slow down the response time and increase the overall handling time for customer interactions.

Calculating AHT

AHT can be calculated by summing up the total handling time for customer interactions and dividing it by the number of interactions within a specific timeframe. The formula to calculate AHT is:

AHT = Total handling time / Number of interactions

Interpreting AHT metrics is equally important. Monitoring AHT trends and analyzing the data can provide valuable insights into the efficiency of customer service operations, and allow businesses to identify areas for improvement.

Significance of AHT in Improving Efficiency

AHT is a critical metric that impacts the efficiency and effectiveness of customer service operations. Understanding its significance is key in enabling businesses to strategize and optimize their processes. The following are the key benefits of reducing AHT:

1. Increased customer satisfaction

Reducing AHT leads to quicker problem resolution and more efficient handling of customer requests. This, in turn, increases overall customer satisfaction levels. When customers receive timely and effective support, it enhances their perception of the brand and builds loyalty.

2. More efficient resource allocation

Efficient handling of customer interactions allows businesses to allocate resources effectively. By optimizing AHT, organizations can identify areas where additional support may be needed, reallocate resources accordingly for better performance, and reduce unnecessary costs.

3. Cost savings

Reducing AHT can have a direct impact on cost savings for businesses. By streamlining processes, optimizing systems, and enhancing agent productivity, organizations can reduce the overall handling time, leading to cost reductions in labor and operational expenses.

Impact of AHT on customer experience

AHT directly affects the customer experience, which is a crucial aspect of any business’s success. The following points emphasize the relationship between AHT and customer experience:

1. The relationship between AHT and customer experience

Longer handling times can lead to customer frustration and dissatisfaction. Customers appreciate prompt and efficient service. When AHT is high, it can indicate that customers are spending more time than necessary to have their issues resolved, potentially leading to negative experiences.

2. How AHT affects customer retention

A poor customer experience, often exacerbated by high AHT, can result in customer churn. Customers who have to invest excessive time and effort in resolving their queries are more likely to switch to competitors who provide quicker and more efficient support. Reducing AHT can contribute to increased customer retention rates and, consequently, enhance business growth.

Strategies to Improve Average Handling Time

Improving AHT requires a strategic approach that combines enhanced agent productivity, improved self-service options, and effective workforce management strategies. The following strategies can help businesses reduce AHT and enhance customer support:

Enhancing agent productivity

Empowering customer service agents with the necessary skills, tools, and streamlined processes can significantly improve productivity and reduce AHT. Consider the following tactics:

1. Providing comprehensive training and skill development

Investing in ongoing training programs that focus on improving communication skills, product knowledge, and problem-solving abilities can equip agents to handle customer interactions effectively. Well-trained agents can address customer queries swiftly, reducing AHT.

2. Optimizing tools and technologies

Equip agents with efficient and user-friendly tools that streamline their workflow, integrate with customer databases, and provide quick access to relevant information. Using advanced technologies like customer relationship management (CRM) systems and knowledge bases can significantly reduce handling time.

3. Streamlining processes and procedures

Review internal processes and identify areas where simplification and automation can minimize handling time. Simplify documentation procedures, eliminate unnecessary steps, and optimize workflows to make them more efficient.

Improving customer self-service options

Providing customers with the ability to resolve their issues independently through self-service options can significantly reduce AHT. Consider implementing the following strategies:

1. Implementing self-help resources and knowledge bases

Create a user-friendly knowledge base or online resource center where customers can access FAQs, troubleshooting guides, and user manuals. This empowers customers to find solutions independently, reducing the need for contacting customer service.

2. Enhancing interactive voice response (IVR) systems

Implement an IVR system that offers intuitive menu options, allowing customers to handle simple queries or initiate specific actions without agent intervention. The IVR system should also provide an option to quickly connect to a live agent when necessary.

3. Offering online chat and live chat support

Integrate chat support features into your website or mobile app to allow customers to initiate real-time conversations with customer service representatives. Instant chat assistance can help resolve issues promptly, reducing AHT.

Implementing effective workforce management strategies

Efficiently managing the workforce is crucial to maintaining optimal AHT levels. The following strategies can contribute to effective workforce management:

1. Accurate forecasting of call volume and scheduling

Analyze historical call data to accurately predict call volume, identify peak periods, and schedule staff accordingly. This ensures there are enough agents available to handle customer interactions promptly during high-demand periods.

2. Real-time monitoring and coaching

Utilize real-time monitoring tools to track agent performance and identify any potential issues that may be increasing handling time. Conduct regular coaching sessions to provide feedback, address areas of improvement, and optimize agent performance.

3. Motivating and engaging employees

Boost employee motivation and engagement by recognizing and rewarding exceptional performance. Encourage a positive work environment, invest in employee development initiatives, and provide opportunities for career growth to keep agents motivated and dedicated to providing efficient customer service.

Best Practices for Managing Average Handling Time

To effectively manage AHT and continuously improve customer support operations, businesses should follow these best practices:

Setting realistic targets and benchmarks

When setting AHT targets, it is essential to consider industry averages and benchmarks. Conduct research to understand the typical AHT for businesses in the same industry, and set a target that aligns with these averages. However, it is crucial to consider variations in customer complexity and not compromise on the quality of service provided.

Continuous monitoring and analysis

Regularly review AHT data, monitor trends, and identify patterns. Analyzing AHT metrics over time provides insights into changes in performance, effectiveness of implemented strategies, and potential areas for further improvement. Make data-driven decisions based on these analyses.

Balancing AHT and quality of service

While reducing AHT is crucial, it should not come at the expense of the quality of service provided. Focus on first contact resolution (FCR), aiming to resolve customer queries on the first interaction itself. Prioritize customer satisfaction alongside AHT metrics to ensure a positive customer experience.


Average Handling Time (AHT) is a critical metric that impacts the efficiency of customer service operations. Reducing AHT not only enhances customer satisfaction but also enables businesses to allocate resources effectively and achieve cost savings. By implementing strategies to improve AHT, such as enhancing agent productivity, improving self-service options, and implementing effective workforce management strategies, businesses can optimize their customer support operations. By setting realistic targets, regularly monitoring and analyzing data, and maintaining a balance between AHT and quality of service, organizations can achieve significant improvements in AHT and overall customer support performance.

Now that you have a comprehensive understanding of AHT and the strategies to improve it, it’s time to take action. Evaluate your current customer service operations, identify areas for improvement, and implement the appropriate strategies to reduce AHT. By prioritizing efficient customer support, you can enhance customer satisfaction, drive loyalty, and boost the success of your business.


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