The Ultimate Guide to Different Types of Closes in Sales – Mastering the Art of Closing Deals




In the world of sales, closing deals is the ultimate goal. It is the culmination of all the hard work and effort put into building relationships, identifying needs, and presenting solutions. Closing a deal not only generates revenue but also marks a successful outcome for the salesperson and the company. To achieve closing success, it is crucial to be well-versed in the different types of closes in sales. In this blog post, we will provide an overview of the various types of closes and how they can be applied to drive successful sales results.

Traditional Closes

Summary Close

The summary close is a tried and true technique for wrapping up a sale. This approach involves summarizing the key points of the conversation or pitch, highlighting the benefits and value proposition of the offering, and directly asking for the sale. By recapping the discussion and reinforcing the benefits, the summary close helps create a sense of urgency and reinforces the buyer’s decision-making process.

One technique for executing a summary close is to reiterate the main pain points the buyer expressed and present the solution as the logical choice for resolving those challenges. It is essential to remain confident and assertive during this process while maintaining a consultative approach.

An example of a situation where a summary close is effective is when selling a software solution to a company struggling with outdated systems. The salesperson can summarize the buyer’s pain points related to inefficiencies, costs, and missed opportunities before proposing their software solution as the answer to these issues.

Assumptive Close

The assumptive close is based on the assumption that the buyer is ready to make a purchase. This closing technique involves using language and actions that imply the sale is imminent. By assuming the sale, the salesperson can guide the buyer towards a positive decision by creating a more confident and forward-thinking environment.

To execute an assumptive close, salespeople can use subtle phrases like “When would you like the product delivered?” instead of “If you decide to purchase the product…”. By using assumptive language, the salesperson indicates that they expect the buyer to move forward with the purchase.

An effective situation to use an assumptive close is when selling a subscription-based service, such as a streaming platform. After discussing the various features and benefits of the service, the salesperson can assume the buyer’s eagerness to enjoy the service by asking, “How soon would you like to start watching your favorite shows?”

Alternative Choice Close

The alternative choice close presents the buyer with two or more options, all of which lead to a sale. This closing technique encourages the buyer to make a decision based on their preferences rather than a simple yes or no answer. By providing alternatives, salespeople can help buyers feel more in control of their decision-making process.

When executing an alternative choice close, salespeople should present options that are equally appealing and relevant to the buyer’s needs. This technique requires the salesperson to have a solid understanding of the customer’s preferences and pain points to offer suitable alternatives.

An example of a situation where an alternative choice close is effective is when selling a car. The salesperson can offer two models, both meeting the buyer’s requirements and preferences, and ask, “Which color or feature set appeals to you more – the red one with premium features or the blue one with extra cargo space?”

Urgency Close

The urgency close is all about creating a sense of urgency and prompting the buyer to make a decision promptly. By emphasizing scarcity, time-limited offers, or limited stock availability, salespeople can encourage buyers to take action rather than delaying their purchase. This technique taps into the human instinct of not wanting to miss out on something of value.

Techniques for creating a sense of urgency may include highlighting limited-time promotions, referencing the high demand for the product, or mentioning upcoming price increases.

An effective situation for using an urgency close is when selling tickets for a concert. The salesperson can communicate that tickets are selling quickly, emphasizing the limited availability and the potential for missing out on an unforgettable experience.

Modern Closes

Question Close

The question close is a modern approach to closing deals that involves asking strategic questions to guide the buyer towards a positive decision. This technique encourages the buyer to consider their needs and motivations while subtly leading them to conclude that the product or service being offered is the best solution.

When executing a question close, it is crucial to ask open-ended questions that stimulate dialogue and encourage the buyer to think critically. By asking questions that highlight the buyer’s pain points and desired outcomes, the salesperson can position their solution as the most suitable option.

An example of a situation where a question close is effective is when selling productivity software to a business owner. The salesperson can ask, “How much time and money do you think your company could save each month by streamlining your processes and automating routine tasks?” This question provokes the buyer to think about the potential benefits of the software, making the decision to purchase more apparent.

Fear of Loss Close

The fear of loss close leverages the natural human aversion to missing out on valuable opportunities. This technique involves highlighting the potential negative consequences or missed benefits that could arise if the buyer doesn’t take action soon. By emphasizing what the buyer stands to lose rather than gain, the fear of loss close can be highly persuasive.

Techniques for leveraging the fear of loss include emphasizing deadlines, limited promotions, or exclusive benefits that will no longer be available after a certain period.

An example of a situation where a fear of loss close is effective is when selling a limited-time discount for a product or service. By highlighting the savings the buyer will miss out on if they don’t make a purchase before the promotion ends, the salesperson can effectively tap into the fear of loss.

Social Proof Close

The social proof close draws on the psychological principle that people tend to follow the actions of others, especially when they see those actions as credible. This technique involves providing evidence of others’ positive experiences with the product or service being offered to sway the buyer’s decision in a favorable direction.

Techniques for using social proof may include sharing testimonials from satisfied customers, displaying case studies, or mentioning notable clients or influencers who endorse the product or service.

An example of a situation where a social proof close is effective is when selling a subscription to an online course. The salesperson can share testimonials from previous students who benefited from the course, highlighting their success stories and the positive impact it had on their lives or careers.

Trial Close

The trial close allows the salesperson to gauge the buyer’s level of interest and commitment before directly asking for the sale. This technique involves presenting a partial or scaled-down version of the product or service as a way for the buyer to test it before making a final decision. The trial close helps overcome objections, builds trust, and allows the buyer to experience firsthand the value they will gain from the offering.

When executing a trial close, salespeople should segment the product or service into a trial version that showcases its key benefits without requiring a full commitment from the buyer. The trial should be structured to address the buyer’s specific needs and pain points in a limited capacity.

An example of a situation where a trial close is effective is when selling a software platform. The salesperson can offer the buyer a free trial period, allowing them to explore the platform’s features and functionality. By providing a trial, the salesperson gives the buyer an opportunity to experience the product firsthand and make an informed decision based on their experience and needs.

Advanced Closing Strategies

Emotional Appeal Close

The emotional appeal close involves connecting with the buyer’s emotions to influence their decision-making process. By appealing to their desires, fears, aspirations, or personal values, salespeople can establish a strong emotional connection that motivates the buyer to make a purchase.

Techniques for appealing to emotions include storytelling, using vivid language, providing relatable examples, and appealing to the buyer’s personal goals or values. The key is to understand the buyer and tailor the emotional appeal accordingly.

An example of a situation where an emotional appeal close is effective is when selling a vacation package. The salesperson can paint a picture of the buyer relaxing on a pristine beach, feeling refreshed and at peace – appealing to their desire for a much-needed break from work and the daily grind.

Reverse Close

The reverse close is a technique that involves turning the tables and making the buyer feel as though they need to convince the salesperson to accept their offer. This approach gives the buyer a sense of control and encourages them to actively sell themselves on the product or service.

Techniques for executing a reverse close include asking the buyer why they believe the product or service is the right fit for their needs and guiding them towards expressing their interest and enthusiasm.

An effective situation for using a reverse close is when selling a high-demand product with limited availability. The salesperson can say, “Many customers are eager to purchase this product, but we prioritize those who can demonstrate why they would truly benefit from it. What makes you the ideal candidate for this exclusive offering?” This approach makes the buyer engage in self-reflection and articulate their motivations, increasing their commitment to the purchase.

Objection Close

The objection close tackles and addresses the buyer’s concerns directly to ensure a positive outcome. Salespeople must anticipate potential objections and proactively provide relevant information or solutions to help the buyer overcome their hesitations. By addressing objections effectively, salespeople build trust and confidence in the buyer, making it easier to close the deal.

Techniques for addressing objections involve active listening, acknowledging the validity of the concern, and presenting evidence or testimonials that counter the objection. It is important to remain empathetic, understanding, and focused on finding mutually beneficial solutions.

An example of a situation where an objection close is effective is when selling a high-priced product. The buyer may raise concerns about affordability. The salesperson can address this objection by discussing flexible payment options, financing plans, or emphasizing the long-term value and return on investment the product offers.

Tips for Mastering the Art of Closing Deals

Mastering the art of closing deals takes practice, skill, and a deep understanding of the buyer’s needs and motivations. While the specific closing technique used may vary depending on the sales situation, there are several general tips that can help salespeople enhance their closing skills:

Active Listening

Active listening involves focusing on the buyer’s verbal and non-verbal cues to gain a comprehensive understanding of their needs, concerns, and motivations. By actively listening, salespeople can tailor their approach and closing techniques to effectively address the buyer’s specific situation.

Building Rapport and Trust

Building rapport and trust is crucial throughout the sales process. When buyers feel comfortable and trust the salesperson, they are more likely to engage in meaningful conversations and make confident purchasing decisions. Establishing rapport can be achieved through genuine conversations, demonstrating expertise, and developing a personal connection with the buyer.

Understanding the Buyer’s Needs

Understanding the buyer’s needs is fundamental to effective closing. By asking the right questions, getting to know the buyer’s pain points, and identifying the outcome they desire, salespeople can position their product or service as the perfect solution. The better salespeople understand the buyer’s needs, the more effectively they can tailor their closing approach.

Handling Objections Confidently

Objections are an expected part of the sales process. Salespeople should be prepared to handle objections confidently, addressing concerns with professionalism and providing relevant information to alleviate doubts. Confidence and knowledge inspire trust in the buyer and increase the likelihood of a successful close.

Following Up Effectively

Following up effectively is essential in closing deals. It demonstrates professionalism, persistence, and a genuine interest in the buyer’s success. Following up can involve sending customized proposals, sharing additional resources or testimonials, or simply checking in to see if the buyer has any further questions or concerns.


Mastering the art of closing deals requires knowledge and application of various closing techniques. Whether you prefer traditional closes, modern approaches, or advanced strategies, understanding the buyer’s needs and motivations is paramount. By incorporating active listening, building trust, and handling objections effectively, salespeople can significantly enhance their closing success. Continuous practice and refinement of closing skills in real-life sales scenarios are essential for achieving consistent and impactful sales results. So, embrace the different types of closes, experiment with them, and bring your closing skills to the next level!


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